NM Population

NM-population

Though New Mexico is the fifth largest state in land area, it is the 36th largest in population and 45th in population density with only 16.2 people per square mile. A strong Spanish/Mexican-American influence also makes New Mexico a strongly bilingual state. Though New Mexico has no official language, government documents are published in both English and Spanish, and the state song also has both an English and Spanish version: “O Fair New Mexico” and “Asi Es Nuevo Méjico.”

  • Total Population: 1,819,046 (2000, US Census Bureau)
  • Est. Population: 1,984,356 (2008, US Census Bureau)
  • Largest Cities by Population, 2008 US Census Bureau Estimates:
    • Albuquerque (Bernalillo County): 518,271
    • Las Cruces (Doña Ana County):  89,722
    • Rio Rancho (Sandoval County): 75,978
    • Santa Fe (Santa Fe County): 73,199
    • Roswell (Chavez County): 45,569
    • Farmington (San Juan County): 42,425
    • Clovis (Curry County): 33,183
    • Hobbs (Lea County): 29,602
    • Carlsbad (Eddy County): 25,033
  • Ethnicity, 2007 US Census Bureau Estimates:
    • White/Caucasian/Anglo: 1,663,821 (84.46%)
    • Hispanic/Latino: 874,688 (44.40%)
    • Black/African-American, 56,083 (2.85%)
    • American Indian or Alaskan Native: 186,256 (9.46%)
    • Asian, 27,722 (1.41%)
    • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 2,787 (0.14%)
    • Two or more races: 33,246 (1.69%)
  • Language (Primary, spoken at home, 5 years of age and older, 2000 US Census Bureau)
    • English: 63.5%
    • Spanish: 28.76%
    • Navajo: 4.07%
    • Language other than English: 36.5% (17.9% national)
  • Age (2007 estimates)
    • Under 5: 7.4%
    • Under 18: 28%
    • 19-64: 60%
    • 65-74: 7%
    • 75+: 6%
  • Religious Affiliation:
    • Roman Catholic: 26%
    • Evangelical Christian: 25%
    • Unaffiliated: 21%
    • Mainline Protestant: 15%
    • Other: 12%
    • No response: 1%
  • Income: US Census Bureau, 1999 of 678,032 households in New Mexico
  • Poverty
    • Individuals below Poverty Level, 2007: 17.9% (13% National)

From MC2/Lift Documentation: Twice as many children in New Mexico (24%) live in poverty as throughout the U.S. (11.8%) (U.S. Census Bureau, 2005). Looking at the U.S. Census Bureau for the poverty percent for all ages, we find that only Louisiana is poorer than New Mexico. In the poverty percent for all population members under 18, only three other states have a higher poverty rate than New Mexico.